The Apple Mac mini 'Core i7' 2.3 (Late 2012/Aluminum Unibody) features a 22-nm Quad Core 'Ivy Bridge' 2.3 GHz Intel 'Core i7' (3615QM) processor with four independent processor 'cores' on a single chip, a 6 MB shared level 3 cache, 4 GB of 1600 MHz DDR3 SDRAM (PC3-12800) memory, a 1 TB hard drive, and Intel HD Graphics 4000 which shares system. Mac mini models from 2012 or later Mac Pro models from late 2013 (plus mid-2010 and mid-2012 models with recommended Metal-capable GPU) The older macOS High Sierra had a little more scope.

10 48 likes 248,552 views Last modified May 4, 2021 7:44 AM

This tip replaces version 2126 originally released on the Discussions Feedback forum..

Find the serial number on:

Plug your serial number in at this link:

Do not use third party links as they may not be secure. Do not post the serial number on this board, as that is your key to any support you may have left.Use this tip also to help figure out which portion of the Support Community to post in, as this tip explains:

When you have no serial number, use one of these third party sites to find your model, production year, time in year(early, middle, late) is a great resource to isolate your model based on EMC#, Apple part number, and other features.

Note:PowerMac, PowerPC, eMac, iMac PPC, iBook (Apple recycled the name iBook for its eBook application on new Macs and iOS devices), Powerbook, Classic all refer to Macs that are older than the present seriesof Macs. Posting in those forums about a current Mac, shows you have not researched your Mac sufficiently to get a succinct answer to your query. Apple menu -> About This Mac will tell you the Mac OS version or System version you are running. The X in the version is important, and so is the preceding 10 in the version if it exists.Questions saying X.1 could refer to Mac OS X 10.13.1, 10.1. Don't truncate the version you see.

There are no iOS forums specific to the operating system found on iPads, iPod Touch, AppleTV, Apple Watch, and iPhones. Figure out the type of portable device you are running to ask a question about that device specifically.

Apple has these identifying articles as well: - MacBook Air - MacBook - MacBook Pro - Mac Mini - Mac Pro - iMac and - PowerMac G5 and - PowerMac G4 - PowerMac G3 - Powerbook G4 - eMac - Powerbook G3 - iBook (not to be confused with their eBook format)

Macs generally will not run an older Mac OS X operating system than shipped with them.The one exception is virtualizing 10.6 Server on 10.7 or later, which is described later.

Also important to note is that the Apple App Store only has 10.7, 10.8, and 10.12, except for those who purchased in between systems, and have a Mac that shipped with in between systems. For all others if you need an in between system, and your Mac is older, contact the App Store tech support.A quick upgrade guide has been posted on Upgrade paths available to Intel Macs*

These dates are important for recognizing what Mac OS X will run on Macs. Macs released on or after (including their model #s or namewhere known):

November 12, 2020 will only run 11.0 or later:

MacBook Air 10,x

MacBook Pro 17,x

Mac Mini 9,x

iMac 24' color toned flatscreen models

October 7, 2019 will only run on 10.15 or later:

iMac 20,x

Macbook Air 9,x

MacBook Pro 16,x

September 30, 2018 will only run 10.14 or later

• MacBook Pro EMC 3358, 3359, 3301

• MacBook Air 8,x

• Mac Mini 8,x

• iMac 19,x

• Mac Pro 7,x

September 25, 2017 will only run 10.13 or later.

• iMac Pro 1,1

• MacBook Pro 15,x (2018 model)

June 5, 2017 Mac models (all 2017 Models except iMac Pro) will only run 10.12.5 or later

• MacBook Pro 14,x

• MacBook Air 7,2

MacBook 10,1

• iMac 18,x

September 20, 2016 will only run 10.12 or later.MacBook Pro with touchbar (instead of physical F keys)

• MacBook Pro 13,x

• iMac 18,x

• MacBook Air 7,2 see this article on which ones could only run 10.12 or later.

September 30, 2015 will only run 10.11 or later. These Macs are the first Macs that can be upgraded directly to Mac OS 10.14 without installing any other software.

• iMac 16,x and 17,x

• Macbook 9,x (these Macbooks came with the USB-C, instead of the USB 2 or USB 3 connector. USB 3 and 2 look identical on the outside, use System Profiler to determine which you have)

October 16, 2014 will only run 10.10 or later (10.10 is only available for Macs that shipped with it).

• MacBook Air 7,1 and 7,2 (some models could only run 10.12 or later).

• Mac Mini 7,xiMac MF885LL/A came with 10.10.2. All other 15,x came with 10.10.0

• MacBook 8,x - the oldest that can run Mac OS 10.14 with this model name after installing 10.11 or later.

• MacBook Pro 11,4 and 11,5

October 22, 2013 will only run 10.9 or later (10.9 is only available for Macs that shipped with it).

• Macbook Pro 11,1 through 11,3

• Mac Pro 6,x

• MacBook Air Early 2014

• Mac Mini 6,x

• iMac 14,4

June 25, 2012 will only run 10.8 or later. 10.8 through 10.11 are supported by these Macs [indicate machine ID found in profiler], and newer models may run some variety of 10.9, 10.10, or 10.11):

MacBook Pro with Retina EMC 2557 from 2012 and 2013 and later models.MacBook Air (2013 or newer) [6,1]MacBook Air (Mid 2013 or newer) [6,1]Mac mini (Late 2012 or newer) [6,1] - the oldest that can run 10.14 after installing 10.11 or later.iMac (Late 2012 or newer) [13,1]Mac Pro (Late 2013) [6,1]These models above are the first models that can be upgraded directly to High Sierra 10.13 without other prior upgrades.

The oldest MacBook Air and iMac that can run Mac OS 10.14 after installing 10.11.• MacBook Air 5,1• iMac 12,1

These Macs which are older can also be upgraded to 10.12 by upgrading to 10.7.5 first, and 10.13 by upgrading to 10.8 first:

MacBook (Late 2009 or newer) 6,1MacBook Pro (Mid 2010 or newer) 6,1MacBook Air (Late 2010 or newer) 3,1.Mac mini (Mid 2010 or newer) 4,1iMac (Late 2009 or newer) 10,1Mac Pro (Mid 2010 or newer) 5,1

The Macs are compatible with 10.8 and later from prior 10.8's releaseMac Pro (Early 2008 with AirPort Extreme card, or Mid 2012) [3,1]-[5,1] (Earlier Mac Pros are discussed on the 10.8 upgrade tip).MacBook Late 2008 [5,1] to mid 2010 [7,1] with no Pro or Air in the name.iMac (Early 2009 to mid-2011) [9,1] to [12,1]Mac mini (Mid 2010 to mid 2011) [4,1] to [5.1]MacBook Air (Late 2010 to mid-2012 [3,1]-[5,2]MacBook Pro Late 2008 [5,1] to Retina 2012 that are not EMC 2557.

July 20, 2011 will only run 10.7 or later. The model IDs (x,x) and EMC that fit this description until June 25, 2012 release of 10.8 (excluding the ones which will run only 10.8 or later earlier mentioned) :iMac of an EMC of 2496; 13,x and later.Mac Mini 5,x and later.Macbook Air 4,x and later.MacBook 8,x and later (no Pro no Air in the name)Mac Pro 5,1 with EMC 2629 - the oldest that can be have Mac OS 10.14 installed after installing 10.11 or later, those without that EMC number came with 10.6 and can also be updated to 10.14 the same manner; 6,x and later.

MacBook Pro with EMC 2555, 2563; 9,x and later.

Note all the Macs that can only run 10.7 and later, may be able to run 10.6 Server with Parallels, if you need compatibility with an older operating system:Rosetta/PowerPC Applications and Lion and above

Beyond this point Macs released during certain date ranges also have a maximum operating system, and/orminimum retail operating system and system specific operating system requirement (when I say up to 10.9 that includes all incremental updates):

Note: images shown below for retail operating system are those that have no 'Update, Dropin, or OEM' wording on them.

March 15, 2010-July 19, 2011 will only run prebundled 10.6 installer disc, and not retail, but also able to be upgraded to 10.9. Note this tipif upgrading to 10.7 or later:

August 28, 2009-March 14, 2010 will only 10.6 or later up to 10.9. And will at minimum be able to use10.6.3 retailto install 10.6. Note this tip if upgrading to 10.7 or later:

During 2000 to 2009, the serial number also made it easier to identify the Macs, as the 3rd, 4th, and 5th character of the serial number referred to the weekand year of the shipment date. Thus for serial numbers where x can be any letter or number, xxABCxxxxx serial numbers would refer to an A which is the last digit of the year, and BC=week of the year. xx905xxxx is the fifth week of 2009. You can then use Wikipedia to figure out what date the release was, and if it was after a specific retail release of an operating system to determine which pre bundled disc it came with, and which later retail discs the Mac could work with.


December 15, 2008-August 28, 2009 will only run prebundled 10.5 installer disc, and 10.6 retail, and if on also run up to Mac OS X 10.11 if you follow this tip:


October 28, 2007 -December 14, 2008 will at minimum be able to use the 10.5.6 retail, and install up to 10.9 if included on if you follow this tip

January 10, 2006-October 27, 2007 will at minimum be able to 10.5 retail, and ifon Which 10.5 systems can upgrade to 10.8 or 10.9?or Are there 10.4 systems that can upgrade to 10.8 or 10.9? areable to run 10.9. Core2Duo and Xeon can upgrade to a minimum of 10.7.5. Otherwise if they only have a CoreDuo, CoreSolo Intelprocessor only be able to upgrade to Mac OS X 10.6.8. G5, G4, and G3 processors are not Intel.

Earlier dates are covered on this tip:Can I download my Mac OS upgrade?

Using the dates from the above documents, and the dates according to Wikipedia when specific retailoperating system systems were released, you can find which retail releases were newer than the Macs and the ones immediately older.

i.e.:An October 24, 2011 Macbook Pro will only run 10.8 retail, and 10.9 retail downloads, but needs anAppleCare requested 10.7 installer to install 10.7. An exception exists in 10.6 Server, as indicated here:Rosetta/PowerPC Applications and Lion and above

A pre-October 26, 2007 MacBook Pro will only run the system specific Mac OS X 10.4 installerthat shipped with it, which can be ordered from AppleCare, or newer retail installer versionsof 10.5, 10.6 compatible with its hardware, and 10.7 if it is at least a Core2Duo.CoreDuo, nor is CoreSolo is not compatible with 10.7.

For PowerPC Macs, Mac OS X 10.4.11 and earlier offer Classic compatibility, and on certain 2003 and earlier Macs dual booting on Mac OS X 10.5 & Mac OS 9:

No Mac may run an older version of Mac OS 9 than was prebundled with it.

A more precise timeline of Mac OS X follows (in U.S. date notation. Links to relevant articles up to 10.7 are included, as 10.7 drops PowerPC applications on Intel):

9/20/2016 10.12 Sierra released.9/30/2015 10.11 El Capitan released.4/8/2015 10.10.3 (with supplemental on 4/16/2015)1/27/2015 10.10.211/17/2014 10.10.110/16/2014 10.10 Yosemite9/17/2014 10.9.56/30/2014 10.9.45/15/2014 10.9.32/25/2014 10.9.210/22/2013 10.9 (10.9 & 10.9.1 should be skipped due to security issues) Mavericks10/3/2013 10.8.5 supplemental update9/25/2013 10.8.4 iMac Late 20136/10/2013 10.8.4 MacBook Air mid 20136/4/2013 10.8.43/14/2013 10.8.311/29/2012 10.8.2 Mac MIni Late 201210/4/2012 10.8.2 supplemental update10/4/2012 10.7.5 supplemental update8/23/2012 10.8.17/25/2012 10.8 Mountain Lion5/9/2012 10.7.42/1/2012 10.7.310/12/2011 10.7.28/16/2011 10.7.17/25/2011 10.6.8 v1.17/20/2011 10.7.0 Lion

5/4/2011 10.6.7 Early 2011 MacBook Pro3/21/2011 10.6.71/6/2011 10.6.611/10/2010 10.6.56/15/2010 10.6.44/13/2010 10.6.3 v1.14/1/2010 10.6.3 retail installer presently sold at the online Apple Store.8/28/2009 10.6 retail installer (Snow Leopard)

12/15/2008 10.5.6 retail installer (Last PowerPC installer)

6/30/2008 10.5.4 retail installer

11/15/2007 10.5.1 retail installer

10/26/2007 10.5 retail installer (Leopard)

8/7/2006 Mac Pro (Intel, first Snow Leopard compatible professional desktop) replaces PowerMac G5 (the last PowerPC Mac and Mac capable of running Classic)

5/16/2006 The MacBook replaces the iBook (the last consumer notebook capable of running Classic)4/3/2006 10.4.6 retail PowerPC only. 2/28/2006 First Intel Mac Mini (not capable of running Classic, first Mac)1/10/2006 First Intel iMacs, MacBook Pro replaces Powerbook (first Macs not capable of running Classic, first Mac capable of running Snow Leopard)10/31/2005 10.4.3 retail PowerPC only.4/29/2005 10.4 retail (Tiger)8/9/2004 10.3.5 retail 12/17/2003 10.3.2 retail10/24/2003 10.3 retail (Panther)12/19/2002 10.2.3 8/24/2002 10.2 (Jaguar)Some hints about operating systems:- Mac OS X 10.8 or later are required to sync with iOS 9.2 or 9.2.1.- No PowerPC Mac can run Mac OS X 10.5.8 or higher, or sync with iOS 6 or higher.- No PowerPC Mac can run Boot Camp- No Mac can run Classic (side by side Mac OS 9 with Mac OS X without reboot) on the same partition as Mac OS X 10.5 or higher.- No Intel Mac can run Classic.Upgrading to 10.7 and above, don't forget Rosetta!- All Intel Macs can run at least Mac OS X 10.6.8 as long as they are older than Mac OS X 10.7's release.- PowerPC applications need Mac OS X 10.6.8 or earlier to run on Intel Macs.- Boot Camp needs Mac OS X 10.5 or later on Intel Macs. Note other virtualization tools are available for Mac OS X 10.4.11 or earlier on Intel Macs.- Mac OS X 10.7.3 is needed for the latest Java and minimum iCloud.- The same minimum system requirements exist for Mac OS X 10.8, 10.9, 10.10, and 10.11.- 10.6.6 is the minimum for the Mac App Store, and upgrading to 10.7 without erasing the drive you install 10.7 on if the hardware supports it.- 10.6.8 is the minimum for 10.8 or later upgrades if the hardware supports it.- Apple has a 10.6.8 to 10.11 updateon the App Store.- Some Macs that shipped with 10.6 can install up to 10.12 if they are upgraded to 10.7.5 first.

Jul 05, 2021 • Filed to: Solve Mac Problems • Proven solutions

Mac users get new software updates and versions more frequently than the other operating systems. That's both the blessing and curse for the Mac users. The latest software makes your Mac device compatible with the new technological developments. Still, it also makes the existing OS obsolete. That's why most Mac users with old devices try to update their Mac to OS X El Capitan. However, you can't update your Mac to El Capitan 10.11 if your Mac runs on software later than Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard.

Is OS X El Capitan Still Available for Your Mac?

OS X El Capitan (10.11) was launched on 25 September 2015, and it is an improved version of OS X Yosemite (10.10). Improved window management, quick and responsive interface, spotlight search, and enhanced graphics were the prerequisites of El Capitan OS. However, if you are planning to update your Mac to OS X El Capitan, your device must fulfill the following requirements.

Space Requirements

You can't install OS X El Capitan unless your Mac has a free space of 8.8 GB. However, that's the space you need to install El Capitan on your Mac. You might have to free more space to run your Mac more smoothly because low space slows down system performance.

Hardware Compatibility

Most of the Mac models can install and run OS X El Capitan, but in some devices, you can't use full features of this OS due to hardware limitations. For instance, you can't use AirDrop on your Mac if you don't have a WiFi network compatible with PAN. The followings are devices that are compatible with OS X El Capitan.

  • MacBook introduced in 2009 or later, plus MacBook (13-inch, Aluminum, Late 2008)
  • MacBook Air introduced in late 2008 or later
  • MacBook Pro introduced in mid-2007 or later
  • Mac mini introduced in early 2009 or later
  • iMac introduced in mid-2007 or later
  • Mac Pro introduced in early 2008 or later
  • Xserve models introduced in early 2009

RAM Compatibility

RAM is the temporary memory that supports the system to run apps and programs efficiently. Without enough RAM, trust me, you can't even run your native operating system smoothly. Similarly, you can't install El Capitan unless you have 2 GB RAM on your Mac.

Operating System Compatibility

Operating systems play a critical role in creating an operational environment for both the software and the hardware. If you have decided to update your Mac PC, you have to make sure that your device doesn't run the OS later than Mac OS X Snow Leopard 10. 6. 8.

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How to Update My Mac to OS X 10.11.6/10.11.4?


After you are done with checking the compatibility of your Mac device, it's time to follow some pre rituals to prepare your device for Mac OS X El Capitan 10.11. These steps are mandatory for the successful installation of El Capitan OS into your Mac, and Apple also suggests them.

Get Your Mac Ready for El Capitan Update

Unprepared installation of a new operating system can result in disappointment. Remember that you are going to get a relatively new OS for your older Mac. To increase the hardware compatibility of your Mac, you must go through a checklist for successful installation of OS X El Capitan.

Space in your Mac: This includes freeing space both on RAM and Disk drive. 2 GB RAM and 8.8 GB of disk space are mandatory because the installer would not proceed without the fulfillment of these hardware requirements.

Minimum battery requirement: During the OS update, a computer consumes battery quicker than the regular operations. Your Mac needs to have at least 45% battery to pass through the El Capitan installation.

Active Internet Connection: You can't proceed with any OS installation without an active internet connection. Along with the installation package, your Mac would also need some side installations throughout the update. Without the support of these plugins and drivers, you would be back to square one. So, an active connection is a must.

Update Apps: Outdated apps can halt the process of updating your Mac. As soon as the installation of Mac OS X El Capitan completes, you face a software crisis. Most of your apps would stop working, leaving you with a headache. That's why don't forget to update your apps before starting the update.

Backup Your Data: There's a high chance that you would lose your data during Mac OS X EI Capitan update because the new OS makes changes in every nook and corner of your PC. To prevent the possible data loss, make a double back up—one in the Time Machine and other in the external storage device. If there is any file missing after the El Capitan update, check how to recover files after OS X update.

Begin Update Process

Your device is ready to embrace Mac OS X El Capitan 10.11 after going through the steps mentioned earlier. Now it's time for some real action.

Step 1Visit the official Mac App Store and search for Mac OS X El Capitan. Your search result would Stake you to the El Capitan page. You can also download El Capitan without the App Store by the following links.

Step 2From the official El Capitan page, you can download your required version.

Step 3Once the download is done, the El Capitan installer will pop up on your screen.

Step 4Press the 'Continue' button and wait for the installation to begin. You can proceed with the installation by following the instructions of the installer.

Step 5The installation process does not take a long time. Once the installation is done, you can restore your data from Time Machine or external drive.

Recover Lost Files After OS X El Capitan Update

Do you remember those pre-installation steps? Those steps were taken to minimize the chances of data loss during the Mac OS X El Capitan installation. Despite these precautions, you are still at the risk of unprecedented data loss. You can lose data due to the following reasons.

Data loss due to corrupted files: If your Mac contains corrupted files, you will lose your data. During installation, the new OS tries to fix or delete corrupted files. These overwritten or deleted files would not appear after installation.

Nature of Mac OS X El Capitan's update: You will replace your older OS with a new version that is not tailor-made for your Mac. That's a significant shift in the environment of your Mac. Such kinds of major updates come with uncertainty, and you can't predict whether you are going to lose your data or not.

Hardware specifications: 2 GB RAM and 8.8 GB disk space is a standard requirement for El Capitan's update. But it takes a lot more from a Mac device to adapt to a newly enforced environment. A slight incompatibility can make you lose your data without any notice.

Lost Your Data After Mac OS X El Capitan: What's Next?

Mac Mini 2012 Latest Os Updates

Data loss is one of the anticipated drawbacks of the installation of Mac OS X El Capitan. If you have lost your data after while updating your Mac and don't know what's next, it's time to get expert help.

Recoverit Data Recovery can be used for getting your documents, audio clips, videos, and photos back after Mac OS update. It uses high-tech codecs that are compatible with more than a thousand formats of files. Here are all the good reasons to trust Recoverit Data Recovery.


Mac Mini

  • Junk free installation for the data security of their users;
  • High compatibility with Mac on different versions;
  • Works effectively with every storage device: hard drive, USB drive, SD card, etc.;
  • Deep scanning feature;
  • Straightforward interface and quick data recovery.

Mac users can retrieve their lost data after OS X El Capitan Update by following these steps.

Step 1Download Recoverit and tap on its icon to launch it on your Mac
(If you can't find the Recoverit icon on your desktop, you can use Finder to search it.)

Step 2After running Recoverit successfully on your Mac, now choose the following options.

Step 3Select the location of the drive you want to recover files.

Mac Mini 2012 Os X Mojave

Step 4Use the 'Start' button to scan it. Scan retrieves all the data of your selected drive.

Step 5Using the option to 'Preview and Recover,' you can choose the files that you want to recover, and you are done.

Wrap Up

Mac Mini 2012 Latest Os Update

New updates always come with uncertainty for the old devices. However, you can reverse your loss of data by taking the precautionary steps. Despite these steps, you might lose a few of your files. But don't worry, an ace software like Recoverit can recover your data.

Mac Mini 2012 Latest Os Operating System

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