Mac OS X comes with Python 2.7 out of the box.
(GCC 4.2.1 is the latest Apple compiler; it was released in 2007.) Installs to /usr/bin. Installing a precompiled, up-to-date binary from HPC Mac OS X. HPC Mac OS X has binaries for the latest release of GCC. Avoid using The Unarchiver.app mac app to extract the tar.bz2 archive. It messes up the symlinks, and things wont work. Instead, use the Archive Utility.app built into OS X (by right clicking the archive and selecting from open with).
You do not need to install or configure anything else to use Python 2. Theseinstructions document the installation of Python 3.
The version of Python that ships with OS X is great for learning, but it’s notgood for development. The version shipped with OS X may be out of date from theofficial current Python release,which is considered the stable production version.
Let’s install a real version of Python.
Before installing Python, you’ll need to install GCC. GCC can be obtainedby downloading Xcode, the smallerCommand Line Tools (must have anApple account) or the even smaller OSX-GCC-Installerpackage.
If you already have Xcode installed, do not install OSX-GCC-Installer.In combination, the software can cause issues that are difficult todiagnose.
If you perform a fresh install of Xcode, you will also need to add thecommandline tools by running
xcode-select--install on the terminal.
While OS X comes with a large number of Unix utilities, those familiar withLinux systems will notice one key component missing: a package manager.Homebrew fills this void.
To install Homebrew, open
Terminal oryour favorite OS X terminal emulator and run
The script will explain what changes it will make and prompt you before theinstallation begins.Once you’ve installed Homebrew, insert the Homebrew directory at the topof your
PATH environment variable. You can do this by adding the followingline at the bottom of your
If you have OS X 10.12 (Sierra) or older use this line instead
Now, we can install Python 3:
This will take a minute or two.
pip pointing to the Homebrew’d Python 3 for you.
At this point, you have the system Python 2.7 available, potentially theHomebrew version of Python 2 installed, and the Homebrewversion of Python 3 as well.
will launch the Homebrew-installed Python 3 interpreter.
will launch the Homebrew-installed Python 2 interpreter (if any).
will launch the Homebrew-installed Python 3 interpreter.
If the Homebrew version of Python 2 is installed then
pip2 will point to Python 2.If the Homebrew version of Python 3 is installed then
pip will point to Python 3.
The rest of the guide will assume that
python references Python 3.
The next step is to install Pipenv, so you can install dependencies and manage virtual environments.
A Virtual Environment is a tool to keep the dependencies required by different projectsin separate places, by creating virtual Python environments for them. It solves the“Project X depends on version 1.x but, Project Y needs 4.x” dilemma, and keepsyour global site-packages directory clean and manageable.
For example, you can work on a project which requires Django 1.10 while alsomaintaining a project which requires Django 1.8.
So, onward! To the Pipenv & Virtual Environments docs!
This page is a remixed version of another guide,which is available under the same license.
This section is intended to get you quickly started with C++ programming on your Mac. We'll be installing GCC 4.8.1 and GDB through a tool called Homebrew. If you want an additional guide on all of the following steps (except for installing GCC), the one by Moncef Belyamani is quite helpful. When you follow it, ignore anything about installing Ruby; that is, stop after setting up git.
Homebrew 'installs the stuff that you need that Apple don't'. It's like Ubuntu's apt-get, where one can install packages easily from repositories. Instead of having to download, configure, and install something yourself, all you need to do is run one command, and Homebrew will take care of the rest for you.
Homebrew requires that you have either Xcode or the Xcode command line tools installed on your Mac. Xcode is a free integrated development environment similar to Eclipse designed by Apple and mainly intended for iOS development or targeting the
clang compiler. In this class, we will focus on
Xcode is quite a big install, so if you do not want to install it, you can get away with just installing the Xcode command line tools. See a Stackoverflow discussion for instructions on how to install the command line tools regardless of whether you have Xcode installed.
You need xcode command line tools to install Homebrew. It is very easy to install Homebrew. Open your terminal, and run the following command:
If this doesn't seem to do anything, try killing it (CTRL C) and running it again. Or checkout homebrew website.
First of all, you should make sure that your Homebrew is up-to-date. Check to see if it is so with the following:
As mentioned before, installing packages with Homebrew is very easy. First, we will add the repository from which the GCC package is available, so that Homebrew knows where to find the package we want. The repository is at https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-versions.
We do this by using the
brew-tap command. Keep your terminal open, and run the following command. (For more information on how brew-tap works, visit the Homebrew docs):
Next, we will actually install the GCC package. Run the following command:
It might take long time before the installation is complete. If you run into any issues, you can debug with:
When done, run the following:
The result should look like this:
Many people have had issues running the
brew install commands while connected to USC Wireless. If you are having trouble, you can either try using a wired connection, a different wireless connection, or do the following:
Extract the contents of the .zip you downloaded inside of the folder you opened in the previous step. Do not extract any of the .tar.bz2 or .tar.gz inside of the .zip folder.This should look as follows:
brew install gcc48 in the Terminal as instructed above.
To compile with the newly installed G++ compiler, use
If you prefer calling g++ directly, you can also create a bash alias, as follows:
Put these two lines at the end of the file
~/.bashrc, and run:
For more information on bash alias, take a look at the GNU Docs.
Here also we use Homebrew. The following instruction has been taken from GDB on OS X Mavericks and Xcode 5 guide. To install, run the following brew command.
Check if it's installed:
The result should be gdb version 7 or higher.
gdb is not going to debug yet. You'll get an error message like 'please check gdb is codesigned'. You need to create a certificate and sign gdb. By doing so you're telling the operating system that gdb is authorized to attach to other processes for debugging purposes. The following instructions have been taken from this Code Signing guide.
In Keychain Access, select the 'login' keychain in the 'Keychains' list in the upper left hand corner of the window.
Open the menu item in /Keychain Access/Certificate Assistant/Create a Certificate...
Choose a name ('lldb_codesign' in the example, but you can use anything you want), set 'Identity Type' to 'Self Signed Root', and set 'Certificate Type' to 'Code Signing'. Click 'Create'.
Click continue, continue and done.
Click on the “My Certificates” category on the left side and double click on the new “lldb_codesign” certificate.
Open the context menu for 'Trust' (click the triangle) and change the following:
When using this certificate: Always Trust
Now close this window, and enter your login password to confirm this change.
Option-drag (this meaning holding the option key down and dragging) the new 'lldb_codesign' certificate from the login keychain to the System keychain in the Keychains pane of the main Keychain Access window to make a copy of this certificate in the System keychain. You'll have to authorize a few more times, set it to be 'Always trusted' when asked.
Switch to the 'System' keychain and drag a copy of the 'lldb_codesign' you just made onto the Desktop.
Switch to Terminal and then run the following command (copy paste it!):
sudo security add-trust -d -r trustRoot -p basic -p codeSign -k /Library/Keychains/System.keychain ~/Desktop/lldb_codesign.cer
Then right click on the 'lldb_codesign' certificate in the 'System' keychain (not 'Login') and select 'delete' to delete it from the 'System' keychain.
Then reboot your system/computer.
Finally you can sign gdb:
codesign -s lldb_codesign /usr/local/bin/gdb
If this command doesn't work...then panic! Just kidding, be sure that you have gdb installed and that gdb is actually installed in /usr/local/bin. You may want to try 'which gdb' in your Terminal to figure out where it is.
Finally, remove the lldb_codesign.cer file that's sitting on your desktop, and gdb should be working at this point. :)